Tag Archives: Budget

Easy DIY Party Decor on a Budget

Our little friend group gained another awesome addition this fall when one of our friends married his sweetheart and brought her all the way across the country to our little town. I, personally, was very excited to have another friend :). After they had a chance to settle in a bit, we gathered our friend group together to celebrate this sweet couple and their brand new marriage!

12088588_10153698872711672_8531083671378448324_n

When planning this shower, I knew I wanted the colors to be pink, cream, white, and gray/silver to match the colors of their actual wedding. I also knew I wanted fresh flowers (I love a shower filled with fresh flowers) and since the bride’s name was lilia, I felt lilies were an easy choice. And with those two decisions, I began to create. My budget for the just the decor (not including food and gifts) was $30. I could have gone over if I needed to but with everyone pitching in, I really didn’t need to spend any more than that. Plus, I love a challenge.

I first began brainstorming. How could I get a background of some sort to define the food and dessert tables. Something to add color and contrast the beige walls, and, of course, it needed to be budget friendly. My thoughts went straight to balloons. Balloons are a great way to get bang for your buck. Very affordable yet festive. But, I needed these balloons to have a romantic, wedding shower feel to them and NOT a child’s birthday party feel to them. I decided to use white and pink balloons and wrap them in tulle. I wrapped the pink balloons in cream tulle and the white balloons in pink tulle. I tied it all off with a silver ribbon. I love the romantic feel the tulle gives the balloons without being over the top. Definitely a more sophisticated look for balloons. Total cost for three packages of balloons (36 balloons), 2 rolls of tulle (one cream and one pink), and 2 rolls of ribbon was just under $7.

For this design I made the balloons in different sizes and hanged them bottom largest to top smallest to the give the feel that the balloons were floating away.

11224367_10153698875651672_6015126948984625842_nAnd for this one I made all the balloons the same size and created an arch over the food table to really make that the focal point of the room.

12088588_10153698872711672_8531083671378448324_nHere is a close up of the tulle wrapped balloons.

11753721_10153698897526672_366944729055225313_nNext, I wanted a display to hold the cupcakes. I had made on these cupcake displays before so that was an easy decision. I made the display out of foam board and plastic cups from the dollar tree. I added a tulle “skirt” around the bottom and blinged out ribbon along the edges  of the display to really tie in the colors. I then made the cupcakes in silver wrappers with a light pink cream cheese frosting to tie it all together. At the very top, I added the word “celebrate” made out of wire and spray painted white. I picked that up at the Dollar Tree. I used two foam boards, 6 plastic cups spray painted white, white spray paint, ribbon, and tulle to get this cupcake stand. Total cost was just under $8.

A detailed “how to” on this stand is coming soon but until then, here is a close up.

12096188_10153698878641672_6664548693105683365_nThe remaining amounts were spent on table cloths in white and pink (I folded the pink table cloths and used them as table runners over the white table cloths for a pop of color), pew bows (I used them to drape the table cloths as well as to tie off the flower arrangements), and silver trays (I used them to hold the plates, cups, utensils, and napkins to give it a more elegant feel). All of these supplies were from the Dollar Tree. A friend picked up the flowers at $4 a bunch (what a deal!) from a local grocery store and the vases were my wedding gift to the couple. Decorations were complete!

These ideas can be used for every type of party from a wedding shower, to a baby shower (just change up colors if it’s a boy), to a birthday party (a “pretty in pink” theme perhaps?). The options are endless.

What do you think? Let me know what ideas you were able to use for your next party and don’t forget to check back soon for more DIY ideas…on a budget of course. And, as always, if you enjoy what you are reading then feel free to follow my blog to get all my latest decorating and money-saving ideas and tips.

Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Add a metallic accent to any room with this quick, easy, and budget friendly DIY idea

wpid-20150330_101013.jpgOur family room has been 50 shades of brown since we moved in. All of our lounge furniture and decor just somehow ended up being brown, beige, greige, or white. All of it.

In an effort to get the room redecorated in time for spring, I decided to work on adding in some color and texture…on a budget of course. Some of the textural ideas I had I already blogged about, like my $2 DIY jute bowl or my easy burlap frame. Once I got some texture into the room I turned my eye towards pops of color.

The idea I am blogging about today came to me out of a desperate need for metallic accents. One way to add texture and color is to use metallics. But how could I do it on a budget? Reusing what I already had was one way to save money. Our family room already had a lot of glass from old candles that had long since been used up and old dollar tree glass and knick knack items that could really use an upgrade. So I had a lot of stuff I could re-purpose but I also needed to do it quickly (I have a toddler so nap time is about my average project duration these days). Spray paint was the clear answer. That seems to be my go to whenever I need a color quick and am on a tight budget. You already saw how I was able to transform some old Dollar Tree frames into Lilly Pulitzer inspired frames in this post so my love for spray paint comes as no surprise. But that being said I wanted to share what all I was able to transform with a $4 can of spray paint

You will need:

Old trinkets and glass containers (try dollar tree if you don’t already have these).

Gold spray paint (or color of your choice)

You need to:

1. Spray anything you want gold. Obvious right?

Really, this blog is to give you ideas and inspiration based off of what I was able to transform. So, here are some of my ideas on what you can paint to give your decor a little face lift.

1. Old candle jars. Spray paint them and display them empty or place an arrangement inside. No need to take the candle out unless you want to. I just placed the floral arrangement right on top of the old candle.

wpid-wp-1428522517390.jpg
image

2. Glass vases. Again, some of these I displayed alone and others I added flowers to. For this first one I wanted an ombre type look. To achieve that I began by spraying about 6 inches from the glass and moved further out from the glass as I sprayed in upward motions.

wpid-20150330_101107.jpg
image

3. Wood letters. This W was $1.49 at a craft store. A little paint and it takes on a whole new look.

wpid-20150330_101411.jpg

4. Knick knacks. I got these from yard sales or thrift stores. I always keep my eye out for fun shapes that would look great with a new coat of paint. To get the two toned leaf pictured below I simply places it upside down and sprayed only the bottom portions of it. I like the surprise gold you get along the edges of the leaf.
image

image

image

I even spray painted a trash can from the Dollar Tree!

wpid-wp-1428521314383.jpgWhat do you think? Let me know how your accent pieces turn out and don’t forget to check back soon for more DIY ideas…on a budget of course. I will be sharing how to make the floral arrangements pictured in this post from Dollar Tree florals soon. And, as always, if you enjoy what you are reading then feel free to follow my blog to get all my latest decorating and money-saving ideas and tips.

Tagged , , , , , , , ,

Lilly Pulitzer Party Theme…on a budget

150749_10152938984396672_2571961327879828316_nBaby C is 1! What an exciting time it was to celebrate with friends and family. But, oh man, what an exhausting month December was. Between Christmas and Birthday party planning, I think my husband, baby, and I were ready for a relaxing and non-eventful January. Now that everyone is rested up and recovered from December I wanted to take some time to share Baby C’s party details, DIY ideas, and budget break down.

First off, what do you do for a baby’s first birthday? I had no idea. I had never thrown one before. I decided to go with a floating birthday party all decked out in traditional party decor but with a Lilly Pulitzer twist.

Why a floating party? I decided on a floating party to give everyone freedom to come and go as they pleased. The constant change up in the party guests made for a fun time. I also decided on a floating party for budget reasons. We had invited about 50 people by the time it was all said and done. 50 people! A floating party allows snacks instead of a whole meal. Snack foods such as donuts, popcorn, fruit, veggies, pimento cheese dip, crackers, cupcakes, and punch are acceptable forms of “nutrition”. Grazing food if you will. Plus, they are all budget friendly and quite tasty.

Why traditional decor with a Lilly Pulitzer twist? I decided on traditional, old school decor for simplicity and budget reasons but wanted to spice it up. Plain wasn’t what I wanted for Baby C’s first birthday. Happy, colorful, and girly were my brainstorm ideas. What encapsulates those ideas better than Lilly??? Still, Lilly can be very pricey so I was hesitant. After a bit of looking around, I was able to find some free Lilly Pulitzer binder cover downloads for free in various well known Lilly patterns from this website. Free! That decided it for me. A trendy, chic, happy, girly yet age appropriate birthday party on a budget? Yes please!

I used the free printouts to make DIY invitations, banners, letter “C” cutouts, a number “1”, and framed pictures. Here are a few pictures of the Lilly details I was able to add…for FREE!

20150204_150157

20150204_150135

20141212_10374020141212_103631

Lots of fun using the paper designs everywhere I could think of. The letters are cut out of foam and the Lilly design modge podged on. The number 1 is a painted wood cut out with a Lilly design modge podged onto the front. Easy and simple yet such a fun detail. The banner was so easy. I just cut out a bunch of triangles and glued them onto ribbon. The picture “mattes” are simply cut out out to frame the picture inside. That simple. And, let’s not forget these Lilly additions were free!

Let me take you on a tour of all the stations we had at Baby C’s party. Because it was floating I wanted to have different stations to keep our guests entertained and moving around mingling. After some brainstorming, I came up with 5 stations that would help keep our guests flowing and entertained.

Our first station was the coloring station.

20141219_125549At this station guests young and old were invited to color a picture for themselves, Baby C, and/or someone they loved. This station was by far the most popular amongst the little ones. The coloring station included construction paper, crayons, polka dot can to hold the crayons, stamps, ink pads, stickers, bubble gum, a Lilly memory board filled with pictures of Baby C over the past year, an engineer print of one of my favorite pics of Baby C, farmed picture of Baby C, and a photo album to hold all of the pictures made for baby C. I simply covered my coffee table with a plastic table cloth and arranged all the supplies on the table. Most everything was purchased at the Dollar Tree except for the following: Stamps are from Target’s $3 section, Bubble gum was on sale at Target ($2), polka dot can is from Target’s $1 section, ink pads are from a local art store ($1 each), picture album from same art store ($1), engineer print is from Staples ($3),  memory board from ebay ($11). This station also included a DIY Lilly banner made for less than $1. Total for this station was $29. The memory board was a birthday gift for Baby C that I wanted to display since it matched the decor, the stamps and ink pads were already purchased for myself (I use them a ton!), and the polka dot can was from Baby C’s room. Total I spent just for decor not already owned and not a birthday gift for Baby C…$12.

Next was the sign in station.

20141219_125556At this station I used a foam board from dollar tree and modge podged one of my favorite pics of Baby C onto the center. I also purchased some trendy pens in complimenting colors from Target’s $1 section.  I had everyone write a note of well wishes or a prayer for Baby C. This way she has not just a documentation of who was at her first birthday but also a heart felt note from each guest. Total cost for this station was $3 (+ modge podge I already had).

Next was the gift station.

20141214_180531A Lilly Pulitzer banner and letter “C” above a bench already in our living room made the perfect gift station. To save a little money, I cut the letter “C” out of Dollar Tree foam board and modge podged one of the FREE Lilly Pulitzer binder covers onto it. Viola. Total Cost for the gift station was $2.

Next was the picture station.

20141219_09380720141219_093857You all, this was so fun. Whenever there was a lull in the party, I would just send the guests over to the picture station to make some fun memories. Easy. All I did was use a plastic table cloth, taped it to the ceiling in a bare corner, and taped tissue cut outs onto the plastic table cloth for decor. I added some fun props and boom, picture station complete! Table cloth, tissue paper cut outs, and props are all from the Dollar Tree. Total cost was $9.

The picture station also doubled as the background for Baby C’s cake eating. She didn’t really eat any cake but I loved the cute background and pictures we got anyways.

150749_10152938984396672_2571961327879828316_nAfter taking pictures, the guests ended their party journey at the food station.

20141219_125531I wanted this area to be bright, fun, and inviting so everyone would naturally gather here. Above the table were paper lanterns and streamers. On the table was a white table cloth covered by a pink one. For decor I used framed pictures of Baby C with those free Lilly print outs framing each picture, a Lilly number “1” modged podged with another free Lilly print out, a DIY Lilly banner, and a Happy Birthday banner. After this picture was taken I also added pink letters spelling out Baby C’s name to back of the table. In all the excitement I forgot to snap a picture of the completed table. My apologies. Lilly banner was a DIY, the Happy Birthday banner was a sale find at Target ($2), Paper Lanterns were also a Target sale find (under $1 each), straws, again, were a Target sale find ($2 a pack), the number is from wal mart ($1.49), frames (I spray painted them), streamers, cups, napkins, plates, silverware, and tablecloths were all Dollar Tree buys, and serving platters were all already items I had. Decorations and eating and drinking items, total, cost me $32.

Food: I purchased one bag of mini, powdered sugar donuts ($2), one box of popcorn bags ($3), cupcake supplies (I made my own from this website) ($10), punch (one 2 liter of lemon lime soda, one pint of pineapple sorbet, one can pineapple chunks) ($5), water (free). The remaining food (pimento cheese, cheese ball, crackers, fruit, and veggies) were all brought by family. So food cost me $15 with the remainder items being brought by family.

Total cost of the party for 50 people would be $90. For me, since I had some of the supplies already and some “supplies” doubled as gifts, it was $73 total for a party serving 50 people.

What do you think? As always, please share with us any budget friendly ideas and fun themes you have for your own DIY party. Check back soon for some fun Valentine’s Day decor ideas to spice up your home on a budget.

And, as always, if you enjoy what you are reading then feel free to follow my blog to get all my latest decorating and money-saving ideas and tips.

Tagged , , , , , , ,

Trendy Gift Wrapping Ideas for the Girl on a Budget

image

Y’all, I am determined to be on top of it this year. Last year I literally had a box of Christmas decorations in the middle of my living room that sat there until Christmas Eve. I wrapped my gifts we were opening Christmas Eve ON CHRISTMAS EVE. It was a hot mess. This year I was determined to get ahead so I could actually enjoy the celebrations. Decorations are up, gifts are purchased, AND gifts are wrapped.

Since I actually got the wrapping done ahead of time I wanted to share some trendy yet easy and budget friendly ways to wrap your gifts this Christmas.

This year my inspiration was the Target dollar section. Wrapping Paper and chalkboard labels were a dollar each at Target. I picked up a huge roll of red ribbon on clearance for $4 from Wal Mart and a bag of bows from the Dollar Tree. I also picked up some cute, wooden ornaments from AC Moore at 50% off for a total of $1 each. You will notice I used the ornaments on some gifts and not on others. I gathered my supplies and set to work.

image

image

imageimageimageimageimageimage

image

image

image

I added on bows and chalkboard labels to all the gifts and embellished some of them with the wooden ornaments. I also just used initials instead of names on the labels. I think it makes a fun detail.

What do you think? Worth the effort or pay someone else to wrap it all next year? Let me know what ideas you come up with for your gift wrapping in the comments below. Also, don’t forget to check back next week for Baby C’s party details and al the fun party DIYs  I have been working on!

If you enjoy what you are reading, feel free to follow my blog to get all my latest decorating and money-saving ideas and tips.

I leave you with this awesome video from the WhatsUpMoms YouTube channel for additional fun DIY wrapping ideas. Check it out!

Tagged , , , , , ,

Christmas Season is Here…Let the Decorating Begin!

image

It’s Christmas time! Pull out the decor, turn on the music, and let the smell of brewing apple cider fill the house! It’s time to turn our attention to celebrating Christmas!

If I’m honest, I decorated our fireplace the weekend before Thanksgiving.  I know. I know. All the “anti-Christmas before Thanksgiving” people are hissing but don’t stone me. Not yet. I have good reason. I promise. Primarily, Thanksgiving is not at our house this year and we have a first birthday for Baby C to plan. Hopefully you can look past my transgression and enjoy this post anyway.

This year’s theme for Christmas decor is “Christmas on a budget.” I enjoy giving myself a budget and seeing what I can do with it. This year I limited myself to $50 for interior decorations. It’s not a huge amount but it is workable. With that budget, I knew a few things: 1. I would need to repurpose existing decor items; 2. I would need to make some things (DIY projects); 3. Most everything I bought new would need to be at least half off; and 4. In order to get big bang for my buck I would need to cluster the majority of my seasonal decor in one area.

I want to focus on the clustering point for just a moment. Clustering your decor in one main area gives you that wow factor and a focal point. You get a big christmas feel for less money. Perfect for the girl on a budget. For me, I chose the fireplace and set out to dress it up.

Most everything I used was bought on sale, a DIY, or from a past after Christmas sale.  I will go through the decor in smaller, workable groups so you can get ideas for your own decor!

First, we have garland and scented pine cones bought after last Christmas for 50% off at Big Lots. I added that along the fireplace mantle first.

I also made some of those cool mason jar snow globes for the mantle as well. If you haven’t seen what I am talking about check out this tutorial. What did I do differently? Well, I used a glue gun instead of glue dots and some faux snow instead of epsom salt but that’s about it. I love using the fake snow rather than salt because the faux snow sticks to the sides of the jars and gives it more of a “snowy” feel rather than using the salt. Best of all about this entire mason jar project, NO WATER NEEDED. I love that. Means they will last so much longer. A seriously easy and affordable DIY project.

The chalkboard was a DIY from long ago. I use this year round and LOVE it. Interested in making your own? Check out that post here.

imageMoving along, we have a wreath purchased at AC Moore at a 3 for $10 deal. A chalkboard purchased at AC Moore for $1. (Yes, only ONE DOLLAR). I also added a wooden JOY sign purchased from target’s dollar section for $3.00. I added some color to the wreath by using some left over poinsettia’s I picked up from the Dollar Tree for another project. I also added in some candle sticks, 2 for $1, purchased from the Dollar Tree last season as well and also added in more of those scented pine cones.

imageThese wood cut outs may be my favorite part. I LOVE the funky wood cut out shape of these trees. LOVE. Got them for half off at AC Moore, totaling $5.00 each. Again, I also added in a few of those cute mason jar snow globes and topped it all off with an adorable red lantern I picked up at AC Moore for $2.00 and more of those scented pine cones.

image

I also made my own stocking holders by purchasing cheap stocking holder bases from the Dollar tree and gluing on one of those mason jar snow globes onto each. Pretty much love these.

imageMoving on to below the mantle. I added in some yard sale finds from last summer and also re-purposed my basket and blanket that were already by the fireplace by adding in my “Joy” and “Ho Ho Ho” burlap pillows picked up at Target last year for $0.90 each. The pillows were originally $3.00 and were 70% off after Christmas.

imageimageAnd lastly, the tree! This tree was a $10 after Christmas purchase from two years ago. It looks pretty sad just standing alone but when you add in the ornaments, lights, pine cones, holly, and red bows it really looks awesome for a $10 tree! For this year’s tree I wanted to go along with the woodsy theme so I used white, black and silver ornaments. I got all these ornaments for 70% off at Wal Mart’s after Christmas sale two year’s ago. They are plastic and I LOVE that. No mess when one falls. No mess when my puppy nabs one and runs with it. I added in holly leaves left over from my poinsettia flowers from the Dollar Tree to help the tree look fuller. I also helped fill in gaps with my left over, scented pine cones. Lastly, I added in the bows to give the tree a pop of color and topped it all off with my star, purchased at Wal Mart for 70% off two season’s ago. I also added another $1 chalkboard from AC Moore to write the year on it and put it on the tree. This way every Christmas picture in front of the tree has the year on it.

imageI actually just added lights to it yesterday and used two strands of 100 white lights picked up from Lowes for $1.99 each, regularly $2.99 each.

Stockings were after Christmas finds as well with the exception of Baby C’s. Her’s was picked up at Dollar Tree and I thought it so fit the woodsy theme.

imageLastly, I added in some Christmas cheer with left over items all over the book shelves. Here are some ideas on how to spice up what you already have.

imageimageimageimageUsing what I already had, I spent about $35 additional dollars to get this look. What do you think? Worth the money saved or go all out for Christmas next year? Let me know what ideas you come up with for your decor in the comments below.

Working on my porch this week and I can’t wait to share with you all my budget friendly ideas. Don’t forget to check back next week! If you enjoy what you are reading, feel free to follow my blog to get all my latest decorating and money-saving ideas and tips.

Tagged , , , , , , ,

Seasonal Decor for Your Front Porch…on a Budget of Course

20141107_094752

I am a California transplant now living in North Carolina so I am really enjoying having four seasons, especially fall. I LOVE fall! After what seemed like an eternity of warm weather it is finally cooling down, the leaves are turning colors, the mums are blooming, and that means…fall is here!

I, not surprisingly, also love a fall themed front porch. Who doesn’t? I mean really. So, I set to work to decorate our front porch, on a budget of course, in time for Halloween and Thanksgiving. Due to some incredibly busy weeks at work, I am now JUST sharing this, but it is still in time for an entire month before Thanksgiving as well as includes some great tid bits to tuck away for next year, the year after, and so on.

So, how do you decorate your porch on a budget?

First, pick a theme that can transcend a few of the holidays that come with Fall  (or Spring, Summer and Winter for that matter). Holiday specific decor can become such a money pit! So, for fall, I chose a scarecrow and pumpkin theme, all in fall colors of course.

I started with the Dollar Tree. Y’all they had a whole scarecrow themed section! I picked up one for my wreath, one for the porch, and one to stick in my yard. They are pictured below:

20141107_094809

20141107_10094420141107_094818

I also picked up some buckets to put my mums in but ended up only using one for my porch.

Then I hit a craft store. AC Moore is my craft store of choice as they generally always have a coupon available and have some great deals. I scored my large scarecrow for $6 and a smaller one for $2 from AC Moore. Those scarecrows are pictured below:

20141107_101001

20141107_094802

Lastly, I got my pumpkins and mums. I try to wait until mid season to buy those to get them on sale. I usually buy mine from a local grocery store, Aldi. My pumpkins were $3 and the purple mum was $3 also. I picked up the yellow mums after Halloween for 50% off at Wal Mart so those ended up being $2 and add a more thanksgiving color palette to the porch.

20141107_09475820141107_094802

To top it off, I pulled out my DIY wreath and hung it on the door (with my newly added scarecrow of course).

Add one cute pumpkin themed baby and done!

20141101_132739

Y’all, it cost me about $30 plus wreath supplies from last year for the entire porch. I have seen ONE decor item for a fall porch cost that much. Sheesh!

Tagged , , , , ,

Flowers: Save big and still have the real deal

In the midst of wedding plans, flowers are one expense that can add up quickly and unexpectedly. How much does it cost just to buy a nice bouquet of quality flowers on any given day? Now imagine that you have to buy 10 or 12 of them at one time and they have the label “Wedding Bouquet” attached to them (which almost always means that they will costs even more). Well, if you have been married or are planning a wedding, you don’t have to imagine how expensive that can be because you know all too well!

But I have great news! If you can limit your choices to only a few variations of flowers, you can save tons of money without any sacrifice. Even better news, I researched and chose flowers that were easy to work with so that we could make all the bouquets and arrangements ourselves but that’s another blog for another day. Today, I want to focus on how to save money when selecting your wedding flowers. In the end, we ended up spending about $375 on all the flowers used in the wedding. And boy did we have a lot of flowers in our wedding. Here’s how I did it:

1. Choose 3 or 4 different flowers that you love. I loved calla lilies, dendrobium orchids and white roses.

2. Research the cost of each type of flower. The flowers that are in season will be your best budget bet. Also, I found that buying flowers from local and online wholesale retailers was the best way to get flowers, in bulk, for the least cost. My favorite bulk supplier, surprisingly, was Sam’s Club. You can order an array of flowers from them, in bulk, off of their website for very affordable prices. I bought 140 mini calla lilies from Sam’s for under $200, They were beautiful and perfectly bloomed when they arrived. I also found a local wholesaler who sold dendrobium orchids in bulk so I was able to pick up 100 stems for $130. That same wholesaler also sold yellow calla lilies, large white calla lilies, a beautiful flower I had never seen (It’s the flower pictured on my wedding cake below) and greenery, so I spent my remaining budget (about $50) and grabbed about 12 stems of each flower and one bunch of the greenery.

3. Cut down on the more expensive flowers. I had originally wanted white roses in my wedding. But once I got the pricing info together, I could buy twice the orchids and lilies for almost the same amount it would cost me for half the roses. So I went with more of the orchids and lilies and cut out the roses. I didn’t miss the roses for a second.

4. Practice, practice, practice: For each type of flower I had chosen, we bought a few stems months before the wedding. We wanted to make sure we could work well with the flowers we chose, that they looked perfect with the decor and that the wholesaler we were using would deliver quality flowers. I was more than pleased with what we got months before as well as the day of.

5. Store the flowers until the day of: Have flowers delivered or picked up the day before your wedding. Store them in a room with the AC set as low as possible. If you are in a hotel, ask if they can deliver multiple mini fridges to your room. The key is to keep them as cold as possible to prevent wilting.

6. Enjoy your beautiful and budget friendly flowers for years and years and years! Pictures capture every beautiful angle.

HERE’S A TIP: Here’s another way to save money…White carnation petals look almost identical to white rose petals. I used white carnation petals for my flower girl to throw and no one knew the difference!

Here are a few pictures of the flowers and how we used them:





Tagged , , , , ,